3 Useful Tips for the Care and Maintenance of Pulley Lagging
Conveyor Belt Drum Lagging: Plain, Diamond, Chevron, Herringbone and Ceramic Styles
Like all equipment, the life expectancy of rubber lagging is dependant on the operational environment, the quality and frequency of maintenance and the manner in which the equipment is used.
#1 Correct Operation of the Conveyor
Notwithstanding the above, it is possible to achieve the optimum life from pulley lagging by observing the following basic pointers :
• Ensure that a conveyor take-up unit applies the correct load to the belt to prevent belt slip on the drive pulley(s) on startup.
• Do not attempt to reduce belt slip by throwing sand or similar material into the pulley feed/nip point. This accelerates wear of the lagging.
• Do not over-fill the conveyor as this will necessitate additional torque to start and run the belt, which may result in belt slip over the drive pulley.
• Install and maintain a belt plough cleaner on the return belt, immediately ahead of the tail pulley. This will minimise the opportunity for lumpy material to be trapped between the belt and pulley, which results in localized damage to the lagging and belt.
• Ensure that pulleys are correctly aligned so that the wear pattern is uniform across the pulley.
• In the case of screw take-up units, ensure that the take-up is correctly adjusted to provide adequate belt tension under all operating conditions.
• Prevent or address material spillage onto the return belt so that pulleys are in contact with a clean belt as far as possible.
• Install and maintain belt scrapers to minimise material carry-over, which is deposited onto bend and snub pulleys.
• If a drive pulley continues to slip on startup for no apparent reason, consult the designer to confirm the conveyor design parameters and start-up philosophy – Do not ignore the slippage!
#2 Correct Design and Component Selection
• The designer should ensure that the correct pulley diameter is used so as to prevent over-stressing of the belt and lagging as well as belt feed and disposal rates.
• Select the appropriate type and hardness of lagging to be used depending on whether the pulley is a drive, tail, take-up pulley and so on.
• Use grooved lagging on drive pulleys which assists with traction, expels moisture and is less likely to slip when dirt has become trapped onto the return belt.
• Follow recognised conveyor design procedures and equipment sizing guidelines when designing a conveyor.
#3 Maintenance Measures
• Inspect and monitor the condition of pulley lagging regularly.
• Repair local damage to lagging before the damage propagates to other areas.
• Ensure that re-lagging of pulleys is done by experienced personnel to maximise the useful life of the lagging.
• Make a spare pulley available as an exchange change out unit so that a damaged pulley, or damaged lagging can be removed from service and rectified or refurbished correctly and in a controlled environment.